Because science is inherently political, the question of citizens’ role in science is linked to the question of citizens’ role in politics.
E.g. traditional vs deliberative democracy
The term “lay” refers to non-professionals in a field — in this case to non-scientists
Origins from non-clergy
2020 Vice article abstract:
After going decades without clean drinking water, 15 First Nations in Atlantic Canada have signed an agreement with the federal government to create the country's first Indigenous-led water authority.
SPS believes that citizens have unique expertise due to experience, context, etc